jaipur shahar

About Jaipur

Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan state, in Bharat is known for its vibrant culture and royal velvet. Also popularly known as “The Pink city” of India, was founded on 18 th November 1727 under the auspices of the Sawai Jai Singh II. In pre-independence era, Rajasthan was called Rajputana but after the Independence of India the name turned to Rajasthan.
The entire city was lined with pink-terracotta walls to welcome the royal guests in 1876, and the city is still being painted pink till the day. The “Pink Paint Tradition” in Jaipur represents the hospitality of the Rajput culture, as said “Atithi devo bhavah”

Jaipur is also known for its unique Architecture, Vastu, Majestic forts, Grand Monuments and Royal palaces across the world. The well-maintained palaces also called Mahals and Forts are distinguished by exquisite architecture with aesthetic richness. These palaces and forts reflect their royal and moral heritage that is still intact. The city’s remarkable beauty and architectonic gave it the name “Paris of India”.
Jaipur’s incredible heritage, a wealth of arts and crafts, lush markets and festivals, gardens and beautiful temples attract travelers from all over the world, That makes Jaipur one of the most visited cities of India. Today Jaipur is one of the most attractive and popular tourist destinations in India and one of the three cities located in the Golden Triangle of Indian tourism, the other two being New Delhi and Agra.

Heritage of Jaipur

Jaipur was the first pre-planned city in Northern India. Sawai Jai Singh ruled Jaipur from the former state capital of Amber, five miles to the north. Jaipur is planned on a circuit system with wide, straight avenues, roads, streets and lanes, and uniform rows of shops on both sides of the main roads, all organized into nine Chokdis (Rectangular sectors of the city). The city was built in accordance with the principles of Vastu and Shilpa-Shastra, the scientific traditions of Indian architecture. Overfull of the majestic temples, forts and palaces protected by steep hills and fortified walls is very common.

Sawai Jai Singh founded Jaipur not only as a new capital city but also a new centre for trade that attracted the settlers later. Many ancient fortresses and palaces have been converted into historic hotels called Heritage Hotels or Haveli Hotels. Millions of national and foreign tourists visit those hotels and historic palaces to relive the royal era and feel its unique grandeur.
Highlights of Jaipur heritage include Amer/Amber fort, City Palace, Jantar-Mantar, Jaigarh fort, Nahargarh fort, Jal mahal, Hawa mahal, Albert hall Museum and other attractions include Galta Temple, the Birla Mandir, The Govind Dev ji Temple and Jaipur Literature Festival (held every year at the end of January) known worldwide as Jaipur Lit-Fest.
jaipur Heritage
Jaipur History

History of Jaipur

The history of Jaipur dates back to the 12th century when the Kachchwaha Rajput clan arrived at the ancient Amber Palace in the Aravalli Hills. Kachchwaha belonged to the Kshatriya (Martial Race) or Hindu warrior caste, but his origin was from the sun, through Kush, who was the twin son of Lord Rama.

The people expelled by the Kachchwahas were the Susawat Minas, who became loyal and hereditary guardians of one of the cosmic and most valuable treasuries in the history of Bharat. From this construct, the Kachchwaha Rajputs, with their glorious persist, and a trick for productive connections (even if that meant swallowing Rajput pride), amassed a fortune. This unique combination that Amber’s leaders evolved with the Mughals gave them real power, influence and wealth. Like his ancestors before him, Sawai Jai Singh ruled from the former state capital of Amber.
Jaipur is named after its founder, Maharaja Jai ​​Singh II (1693-1743), who was the city’s chief founder member, and the famous architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya who was a great Bangali Scholar & Architect as well. He was invited to design the “Pink City” by the king. Apart from its structure, the city is also renowned for its architecture which is scientifically proven. Maharaja Jai ​​Singh was also passionate about arts, science and mathematics.
Jaipur Bazaars
Since its inception, Jaipur’s wealth and distinctiveness is depended on the trades it promoted, particularly jewellery, art, textiles, precious & semi-precious gemstone and handicrafts. The main markets and bazaars were built at the expense of the state, and merchants and bankers from various communities were invited to open businesses in the city. The former rulers of the city promoted the works of craftsmen and artists as many of these artists settled in and around Jaipur, keeping the tradition alive.

Today Jaipur is a major shopping destination, also known for the finest diamond and emerald cutting and crafting work around the world. This beautiful city is home to blue pottery, bandhani and square paintings, block paintings, sculptures and folk dances. Music has an unusually unique place in the Jaipur’s lifestyle, along with the delicious cuisine that is served here.
Jaipur Market