Today, Jaipur-The Royal city is celebrating its 293rd Foundation Day. The city is surrounded by the Aravalli mountain ranges on three sides, the city is identified with pink Dholpuri stones in its palaces and old houses, which is a speciality of its architecture. Even today, the same forts, the same palace and the same way, boasts of Jaipur’s heritage. Even after changing everything, it seems that nothing has changed in Jaipur today. Jaipur’s heritage is famous not only in the country but around the world.
Jaipur has developed a lot in the last 293 years, so let’s get to know more facts about Jaipur:-
- Jaipur was founded in 1727: Maharaja Sawai Jaisingh decided that a safer and better-planned city needed to be built due to the frequent battles against the Maratha Empire. For that, Maharaja Jai Singh sought the advice of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya (Bengali Scholar & Architect), who helped to design the architecture of the city. According to the principles of Vaastu Shastra, the city was divided into 9 blocks, two of which consisted of state buildings and palaces, while the remaining seven were distributed to the public. Seven strong gates around the city were built to ensure security. To serve the military purpose, Fort Jaigarh and Nahargarh were built.
- The city took 4 years to complete: Jaipur is the first planned city of India, it took architectures and experts a long time to build the city according to plan. Finally, several areas of Jaipur were built four years after the foundation by Maharaja Jai Singh II. Jaipur is also known as “Paris of India”.
- The city was painted pink in 1875: Maharaja Sawai Mansingh in 1875 ordered to paint the city in terracotta-pink as a gesture of welcome to Queen Elizabeth of England and Prince of Whales Albert. Since then, Jaipur has been called the Pink City. Previously, the colour of the city was white.
- In 1942, Maharaja Sawai Mansingh II and then Prime Minister Sir Mirza Ismail modernized Jaipur.
- Jaipur is one of three cities located in the Golden Triangle of Indian tourism, the other two are New Delhi and Agra. The Indian Golden Triangle is a triangle of cities made on the map of India for Indian and international tourists. These three cities are a must-visit for all tourists who come to India.
Even though the then Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II laid the foundation for Jaipur on November 18, 1727, but today, after 293 years, Jaipur still looks young. Today, along with the historic Jaipur Heritage City, it is turning into a smart city, but Jaipur’s heritage is hundreds of decades old. Now Jaipur is changing the pages of development with the changing times, but even today, to see Jaipur’s heritage, indigenous and foreigners come here from across the sea.